What is Hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy is the examination of the uterine cavity and the parts of the tubes opening to the uterus by using a special optical device introduced through the cervix. Hysteroscopy can be performed for diagnostic or treatment purposes.

Diagnostic hysteroscopy is the procedure of visualising and diagnosing diseases or structural anomalies in the uterus by using a hysteroscope.

Surgical hysteroscopy is the removal of observed pathologies  during the procedure.

Does Hysteroscopy Increase the Success of Assisted Reproduction Treatment?

The embryo should attach to the intrauterine cavity in order to establish pregnancy in an assisted reproduction treatment cycle. Problems inside the uterus; such as myomas, polyps, and adhesions, may prevent the implantation of the embryo. Hysteroscopy is an effective and modern method used in the diagnosis and treatment of such problems. Therefore, the removal of such problems contribute to increasing the success rates of assisted reproduction treatment.

How Is Hysteroscopy Performed?

Hysteroscopy can usually be performed under mild general anesthesia. It is not a serious procedure. It does not induce pain in the patient. The tubular special device that enters the uterus is called hysteroscope and equipped with a lens system and a camera. Using the hysteroscope, the intrauterine cavity can be visualized on a monitor and any existing problems can be clearly identified. During the procedure, a special fluid is introduced into the uterus so that the intrauterine cavity is widened and can be monitored in detail. In addition to the camera system, the hysteroscope is equipped with incising and cauterizing parts at the tip to be used for treatment when necessary.

Risks of Hysteroscopy

Similar to medical and surgical procedures, hysteroscopy requires specialist training and experience. Although rarely, anesthesia-related complications may occur and the procedure may pose risks including injury to the uterine cervix, excessive bleeding, or intrauterine infections.

When Is Hysteroscopy Performed?

  • The hysteroscopy procedure is performed in next week following the end of menstruation on the day deemed appropriate by the physician.
  • Because it is a modern and effective method, definite results can be obtained in the treatment of intrauterine problems.
  • Discomfort and pain occurs mildly after the operation.
  • It is not necessary to hospitalize the patient after the procedure; therefore, the patient may return home following the intervention.

What are the Points to Be Paid Attention To After Hysteroscopy?

Vaginal discharge or cramps may occur after the operation. These are normal. Simple pain medications prescribed by your doctor can be used.

If you experience very severe abdominal pain, fever, excessive discharge with a foul odor, or excessive bleeding; you should consult your doctor.

Sexual Intercourse After Hysteroscopy

The patient is advised not to have sexual intercourse for a few days after the procedure. You may also need to stop having sexual intercourse until your next menstrual cycle.


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