Who is IVF applied to?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) method is applied for problems arising from a female patient or a male patient.

In female patients;

  • Hormonal disorders that prevent egg development and release, or embryo placement in the uterus
  • Congenital uterine anomalies or tumors
  • Excess weight problem that prevents ovulation
  • Immunological causes
  • Endometriosis (Chocolate Cyst)
  • Clogged or damaged tubes
  • Intrauterine adherence formed after surgery or infection
  • Endocrine diseases (such as thyroid)
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
  • Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism
  • Advanced age
  • Decreased ovarian reserve
  • Psychological reasons

Causes that are seen in male patients;

  • Situations in which sperm count and functions are impaired.

One of the most common causes is low sperm count. A sufficient number of sperm cannot pass the uterus and tubes and reach the egg in case of insufficient sperm mobility. Sperm morphology, that is, the shape of the sperm is another important parameter. The egg (oocyte) only allows normally shaped sperm to fertilize. Thus, in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment is applied to patients whose sperm morphology is below a certain ratio.

  • In case of no sperm in the semen (azoospermia)
  •  Hormonal disorders
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Vasectomy

Situations where sperm production is damaged after chemotherapy or radiotherapy applications

Pregnancy cannot be achieved in some patients even though no problems can be detected. IVF method is also used to help these patients.

IVF is applied with the transfer of a healthy embryo determined by the genetic diagnosis (PGD) method for a healthy child in patients without infertility problems but who are known to have a genetically transmitted disease.

IVF should also be applied if pregnancy could not be achieved 3 or 4 times with the intrauterine insemination method.


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